The glossary provides you with definitions and explanations of terms used in the gender and climate change context.
Those registered to GenderCC's Global Learning Platform can add terms and / or comment on given explanations.
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for women and men are limited by barriers to economic, political and social participation. Such barriers are often indirect and difficult to pin down. They are caused by deep-rooted cultural beliefs and well-established societal structures. An equal opportunities approach goes beyond overcoming direct discrimination.
refers to the social construction of women and men, of femininity and masculinity. The term emphasises social roles and responsibilities that are assigned to women and men, and (re)produced on a day-to-day-basis (‘doing gender’). However, gender roles may be different according to culture or religion, and they may change.
exists where girls and boys, men and women can develop their individual potentials and make choices without being limited by gender roles. In a gender equal society differences between women and men are regarded with equal respect and favour.
refers to the external manifestation of one's gender, through "masculine," "feminine," or gender-variant or gender neutral behaviour, clothing, nutrition, use of goods, or body characteristics.
is going a step beyond gender equality, asking not only for fair distribution and recognition, not only for affirmation but for transformation of societal and economic systems and structures. Gender Justice means, for example, to change hierarchic gender relations by questioning androcentric perspectives, norms and rationalities and ultimately questioning the need for extensive hierarchy and power differences as ‘normal’ and accepted characteristics of societies.
define what society considers male and female behavior, and it leads to the formation of gender roles, which are the roles males and females are expected to take in society.
are the ways in which a culture or society defines rights, responsibilities, and the identities of men and women in relation to one another. Gender relations are power relations between women and men, often placing women in a subordinated position in society with respect to men.
considers gender specific needs based on gendered responsibilities and how they are impacted by policy measures in reaction to existing inequalitites.
is a set of social and behavioral norms that are generally considered appropriate for either a man or a woman in a social or interpersonal relationship. Gender roles differ according to cultural-historical context.
considers gender norms, roles and relations in order to avoid negative impacts for women and men without addressing the underlying reasons.
are beliefs held about characteristics, traits, and activity-domains that are "deemed" appropriate for men and women. As the result of social activity and constant change, gender stereotypes are neither perpetual nor static.
addresses the underlying norms, power and gender relations of ineqaulity in order to transform the society, institutions and structures towards gender equality.