Gender Analysis Tools
Gender analysis tools are used to determine potentially differentiated impacts of policy measures on women and men. Gender roles give rise to inequalities that are also impacted by other factors such as age, class, religion, ethnic group, education and others. When inequality between men and women is revealed, gender analysis examines the underlying reasons for the disparities, and informs how they should be addressed.
Below we introduce techniques that should be applied during different stages of policy making, from identifying the problem, through deciding upon a response, to implementation and evaluation. Each step entails process (how), content (what) and realization (action), the entire process is guided by formal and informal rules, draws upon resources, and involves varying stakeholder interaction. It is important that policy development is as participatory as possible and it is useful to involve gender experts throughout the process. Additionally, all staff should be sensitized to gender inequalities and should undergo mandatory gender training.